A STUDY ON THE COHESIVE DEVICES USED IN WRITING ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION TEXTS BY THE SECOND YEAR STUDENTS OF SMK MUHAMMADIYAH 2 PEKANBARU

Raisa Maizanti, Erni Erni, Jismulatif Jismulatif

Abstract


Abstract: The objective of this research was to find out what types of cohesive devices used in analytical exposition texts written by the second year students of SMK Muhammadiyah 2 Pekanbaru and to know how the frequency of appropriate and inappropriate of cohesive devices used in analytical exposition texts written by the second year students of SMK Muhammadiyah 2 Pekanbaru. This was a descriptive research. The data were collected in April. The participants of this research were 35 students of class XI TKJ 1 of SMK Muhammadiyah 2 Pekanbaru. The students were selected to be the sample using cluster sampling technique. The writer collected the data by using writing test with four topics provided, the students asked to choose one topic. The result of this research showed that the students used 3 types of grammatical cohesion, they are reference, substitution, conjunction and 5 types ef lexical cohesion, they are repetition, collocation, hyponym, synonym, and antonym. The most frequent of appropriate and inappropriate of grammatical cohesive devices used by students was reference 341 ( 52.54%) with the correct use 314 ( 92.08% ) and the wrong use 27 ( 7.92% ). Then, followed by conjunction 107 (19.53%) which the correct use 266 ( 87.21% ) and the wrong use 39 ( 12.79% ), substitution 3 ( 0.46% ) which all the devices were correct, and ellipsis which 0%. The most frequent types of lexical cohesive devices used by students was repetition 162 ( 86.17% ) , collocation 12 ( 6.38% ), hyponym 7 ( 3.72% ), synonym 6 ( 3.19% ), antonym 1 ( 0.53% ) which all the devices were correct except metonym 0 ( 0% ).
Key words: Cohesive devices, Writing, Analytical exposition texts.


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