MAKNA SIMBOLIK KOMUNIKASI BUDAYA DALAM UPACARA ADAT PERKAWINAN MASYARAKAT BATAK TOBA DI PEKANBARU

Vivi Aprilia, Nova Yohana

Abstract


Batak Toba traditional wedding ceremony is one of the unique cultural heritage
values are present and thrive in the city of Pekanbaru. In a traditional wedding ceremony
Batak Toba there are aspects that are rich in symbolic meaning of the represented physical
objects and food and speech. The aim of the study is to determine the meaning of the
symbolic situation, meaning the product of social interaction and meaning interpretation of
the traditional wedding ceremony Batak Toba in Pekanbaru.
This study used qualitative methods to approach symbolic interaction. Informants in
this study is parhata / protocols that exist on Batak Toba traditional wedding ceremony in
Singapore as well as parents and guests who were there at the marriage ceremonies.
Techniques of data collection is done through observation, interview, and documentation.
The results showed that the situation of symbolic meaning in traditional wedding
ceremony Batak Toba in Pekanbaru consist of physical objects includes ihan (fish), mandar
hela (gloves groom), Ulos (shawl) and Boras (rice) and boli / tuhor ( dowry) while the social
object traditional wedding ceremony is a form of verbal behavior interactions that occur
between the family that marhusip, marhata sinamot and martonggo king. Meaning the
products of social interaction in a traditional wedding ceremony in the form of the meaning
of marriage ceremonies both in terms of the bride and groom, parents of the bride, parhata
and invited guests. Both bride and groom parents interpret the traditional wedding
ceremony of cultural, ritual and sacred very high. Parhata / protocol to interpret
thetraditional wedding ceremony has a value of solidarity (assimilation), cultural, spiritual
and sacred. While the audience to interpret the traditional wedding ceremony has cultural
and spiritual values. Interpretation of the meaning of marriage ceremonies in the form of the
action covered and open action. Measures covered include the bride and groom internal
motivation (self), external motivation (encouragement of family and friends), as well as
feeling happy and proud to be a bride for being able to carry out the traditional wedding
ceremony. Opening acts include facial expressions both families who have moved and happy
gaze that became the embodiment of fun and seriousness of the bride and groom in the hold
and preserve their culture Batak Toba traditional wedding ceremony.

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