PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA PERBATASAN LAUT ANTARA PERU DENGAN CHILE MELALUI MAHKAMAH INTERNASIONAL TAHUN 2008-2014

Citra Suryani, Idjang Tjarsono

Abstract


This research describes the efforts made in the settlement of the maritime boundary dispute
between Peru to Chile. Respective claims began in 1947, in which States claims jurisdiction and
exclusive rights to waters along 200 miles of the coast respectively. Then the two countries, Peru
and Chile, as well as Ecuador, in the 1950s into a different agreement on maritime zones.
Official legal dispute began in 2007 when Peru certify a graph showing that the claimed sea
area overlaps with areas claimed by Chile. Negotiations have been conducted by both parties in
resolving the problems that occur in the border starting from the 1960s. But efforts to negotiate
in terms of determining the maritime boundary between Peru definite and Chile did not succeed,
because the two countries have different interpretations of the border. Last negotiation efforts
undertaken by Peru expressly rejected by Chile. Peru finally decided to resolve this dispute
legally through the International Court of Justice (ICJ).
Keywords: Maritime Dispute, international Treaty, Delimitation, ICJ

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