MAKNA SIMBOL GERAK TARIAN TORTOR DALAM UPACARA PERKAWINAN SUB ETNIS BATAK TOBA DI KECAMATAN BALIGE KABUPATEN TOBA SAMOSIR PROVINSI SUMATERA UTARA

Elita Br. Pandiangan, WE. Tinambunan

Abstract


Tortor is one of the art cultural of Batak dance which is moving entire body with the
rhythm by gondang, with the center of the movement of the hands and fingers, feet and legs,
back and shoulders. Tortor dances are preserverd the existency which is always used in
Batak Toba traditionals events including the wedding party. The research purposes is to
determine symbol meaning of tortor dance sign in a wedding party, to know how to
understanding of the meaning of symbol meaning of tortor dance sign in a wedding party and
to know the movements symbol meaning of tortor dance sign in a wedding party of batak toba
sub-ethnic in balige district.
This research uses qualitative descriptive method based on the fact in the field through
observations, interviews and documentations. Location of the research took place in the
Balige district with research schedule in May 2014 until July 2014. Informants in this study
amounted to 7 peoples. Data analysis technique is used interactive analysis model by data
validity checking techniques
The result of this research shows that tortor dance in a wedding party is art of Batak
culture that has its own benefits, in spite of having unique to tell the meaning in dance, also
become a process of giving and receiving Batak custom in Dalihan Na tolu system through
nonverbal communication that uses of symbols. The the meaning was contained in the
message symbol of tortor dance in a wedding party is not only describeb by every movements,
but also for music of tortor dance in wedding party which is called gondang. Understanding
of the meaning of the message symbol is very important to understand instead of just simply
enjoy the aesthetic beauty of this dance but as Batak toba society should stil preserve the
Batak culture which is hereditary. The survey results revealed that many people do not know
the meaning of tortor dance in wedding party. The movements for women’s clothing have
been wearing kebaya inside and the outside of clothing wrapped by ulos. Ulos that used have
been modified be modern. In a wedding party in Balige district not using gondang music, but
replaced with a keyboard music, keyboard music selected which the reasons are more
practical and also more modern.
Kata Kunci : Tortor, Simbol, dan Budaya Batak

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