EFEKTIVITAS CITES ( CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA) DALAM MENGATUR PERDAGANGAN HIU DI KAWASAN CORAL TRIANGEL ( IMPLEMENTASI DI INDONESIA)

Ollani Vabiola Bangun, Indra Pahlawan

Abstract


This research describes effectiveness regulation of CITES ( Convention on International
Trade In Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) while regulate shark trade in Coral
Triangel ( implementation in Indonesia). Its existence are threatened by illegal trade and illegal
fishing. Sharks are particularly vulnerable to over-exploitation due to their biological
characteristics of maturing late, having few young and being long-lived. According to FAO data,
Indonesia is the major shark catching country in the world. Most parts of the sharks are utilized
(fin, skin, meat, bones, stomach, liver, teeth) and generally sold through brokers/ traders at
auction for domestic sale or export.This research is a descriptive-explanation research. It uses the
library research method with that collecting secondary data from books, journals, and internet. It
uses international regime theory and effectivenes regime to explain implementation Indonesia to
regulate shark trade. This result of this research shows Indonesian was ineffective on regulate
implementation CITES because illegal trade and illegal fishing still happens, over exploitation
and the minimum protection of status and regulation about shark in Indonesia.
Keyword : CITES, illegal trade, illegal fishing, over-exploitation

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