GERAKAN MASYARAKAT KECAMATAN TEBING TINGGI TIMUR KABUPATEN KEPULAUAN MERANTI DALAM MENDAPATKAN PERIZINAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN DESA TAHUN 2009-2016

Taufik Hidayat

Abstract


Published Decree of the Minister of Forestry Number 217/Menhut-II/2007
concerningthe Granting of Business License for Utilization of Forest Timber Forest
Product to PT. Lestari Unggul Makmur on 13 May 2007 covering 10,390 hectares in
seven villages of Tebing Tinggi Timur Subdistrict after this natural forest which is the
eyes of some communities become threatened because it will become the property of
corporation that engaged in HTI.
The theory used in this research is the concept of dynamics and social movement
theory. This research uses qualitative descriptive method, this research location in
Lukun Village, West Tohor River Village, Tohor River Village, Nipah Sendanu Village,
Nipah Sendanu Village, Sendanu Darul Ihsan Village, Tanjung Sari Village and Kepau
Baru Village, Tebing Tinggi Timur Subdistrict, Meranti Island Regency. With the focus
of research on the conflict betwween the seven villagers with PT. Lestari Unggul
Makmur after the HTI licensing is issued in Tebing Tinggi Timur.
Based on research conducted by the author in the field since 2009 PT. Lestari
Unggul Makmur (PT. LUM) in east Tebing Tinggi Sub-district of Meranti Island
Regency is granted a natural forest clearance license or Annual Working Pland (RKT)
based on Directorate of Plantation Forest Development Decree No. 13/BPHT-3/2009on
13 April 2009, 2,832 hectares with harvest targets of 262,873 M3 of natural timber,
after which the community rejected the operation of PT. LUM in the community forest
area by conducting various protest actions to the Company, District Government,
Provincial Goverment to the Central Covernment. The resistance movement begins with
the formation of the idea of resistance, collective actions such as demonstrations, selfimmolation,
mouth sewing, statue-building actions and the efforts of these actions by
using the strategy of achieving the objectives of the resistance movement as united in
the action movement, depending on own strength, expansion of support and
radicalization of movement. Conflict resolutionby the Goverment with mediation,
negotiation, facilitation, conciliation, and yield resolution by revocationof HTI permit
PT. LUM by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry SK
444/Menlhk/Setjen/HPL.I/6/2016 and issued the Regulationof the Minister of
Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia Number
P.83/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/10/2016 Concerning Social Forestry as the basis of
the Govement’s alignment with the people.
Keywords : resistance movement, forest village, tebing tinggi timur.

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