Peran Penyuluhan Dalam Pemberdayaan Petani Kelapa Sawit Pola Swdaya di Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir

Fiki Afrialfa, Roza Yulida, Arifudin '


The purposes of this research are: (1)  To identify the role of extension toward independent smallholder farmers of oil palm; (2) To know the empowerment level of the farmers; (3) To analysis the relation between extension’s role on  empowerment the farmers. This research  was conducted at keritang hulu  Village Sub-district Kemuning and Sencalang Village Sub-district Keritang Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir. Samples were determined by purposive sampling methods with consideration that the location has active extension activities and has farmers group. 60 independent smallholder farmers of oil palm were taken as respondent. Validity and reliability analysis has been done on the measuring instruments. Data’s analysis to acknowledge the first and second research purpose used Scale Likert’s summated Rating (SLR), whereas multiple linear regression used to acknowledge the third purpose of this research. The Result showed that: (1) The extension role is categorized enough, that are consisted of education, facilitation, supervision, monitoring and evaluation is categorized enough, while on, information  dissemination, and consultation is categorized have a role; (2) The empowerment level is categorized well, that are institutional and productive economy is categorized well, while on consisted of human resources is well enough; (3) Empowerment of independent small holder farmers affected significantly by the role of extension in facilitation and monitoring and evaluation, however the role of extension does not significantly affect on education dissemination consultation  and supervision of the farmers empowerments.

Keywords: Role of extension, empowerments, independent smallholder farmers, oil palm

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